Please read Chapter
Russell, D. L. (2009). Literature for children: a
transcend the world of reality. Some stories take place
entirely in a fantasy world, and other stories travel back and
forth between the real world and the world of make-believe. The
fantasy world is vividly and convincingly described,
regardless of how fantastical it may be.
well developed and behave in believable ways. They
may be fantastic creatures or they can appear to be ordinary. The protagonist possesses
a clearly defined (and perhaps complex) personality
and exhibits growth
during the course of the story.
well structured and believable too. They have logical
actions. Magic is an essential element of the
plot, which keeps children involved, but all fantasies must have
their limits or else they devolve into nonsense. The
resolution makes sense within the realm of the fantasy
world or the rules of the fantasy.
the same universal ideas present in other forms of
children’s literature – the value of friendship, loyalty, the
overcoming of fear, respect for others, coming of age. Themes
are typically woven into the story and developed metaphorically through the characters and their actions.
They can reveal important lessons and form the basis of
decision making, but the writer of fantasy does not preach at
tone is often serious, though stories are often
and humorous. Fantasy is perfectly suited to the thoughtful exploration of
philosophical issues at a
level that can be understood and appreciated by the child