電腦輔助語言教學

Computer Assisted Language Learning and Teaching

Instructor: Chi-Fen Emily Chen  陳其芬

Department of English

National Kaohsiung First University of Science and Technology, Taiwan


Course Introduction

課程簡介

Course Contents

課程內容

Interactive Exercises

互動練習

Online Dictionaries

線上字典

Web Resources

網路資源

Student Blogs

學生網誌

Student Projects

學生作品

Discussion Forum

線上討論區

Unit 3.  The Internet Basics and Web Resources

   Please read

  1. Walker, R., Hewer, S. & Davies, G. (2004). ICT4LT Module 1.5: Introduction to the Internet. http://www.ict4lt.org/en/en_mod1-5.htm

  2. Internet Tutorials, State University of New York at Albany

  3. Finding Information on the Internet: A Tutorial, University of California at Berkeley

 

3.1   Essential Vocabulary for the Internet

3.2   Finding Materials on the Web

3.2.1   Search Engines and Subject Directories

3.2.2   Online Dictionaries

3.2.3   Online Concordancers

3.3   Evaluating your Ability to Use Browsers

3.4   Evaluating Websites

 

3.1   Essential Vocabulary for the Internet

  1. Do you know the following technical terms and acronyms related to the use of the Internet? Please find out what they mean and stand for. You can use the following online glossaries or dictionaries to help you.

browser

navigation button

WWW

LAN

frame

hypertext

HTML

WAN

server

pull-down menu

HTTP

PDF

plug-in

pop-up window

URL

GIF

applet

scroll

FTP

JPEG

cookie

search engine

ISP

MIDI

Telnet

domain name

TCP/IP

CGI

netiquette

spam

BBS

IRC

 

  1. Do the Exercise 3.1 The Internet Vocabulary

 

3.2   Finding Materials on the Web

3.2.1   Search Engines and Subject Directories

 

Note:   You can use the following sites to help you learn more information on Web search:

1) Checklist of Internet Research Tips & Conducting Research on the Internet by SUNY Albany

2) Boolean Searching on the Internet by SUNY Albany

3) Finding Information on the Internet: A Tutorial by UC Berkeley

4) The Spider's Apprentice: A Helpful Guide To Web Search Engines

 

  1. Explore the following commonly used web search engines and compare their functions. Also, take a look at each engine's Advanced Search/Options or Help to find useful search tips and strategies. 

    1.

    2.

    Yahoo!奇摩

    3.

    Teoma

    4.

    MSN Search

    5.

    *You can submit questions in plain English and view suggested relevant sites.

    6.

    *It searches multiple engines and directories and organizes results into topical categories

    7.

  1. Explore the following academic and professional directories.

    1. Academic Info - gateway to college and research level Internet resources maintained by former librarian Mike Madin and a volunteer group of subject specialists
    2. INFOMINE - large collection of scholarly Internet resources collectively maintained by several libraries, including those from the University of California
    3. AllLearn: Academic Directories - guides to high quality directories in the academic disciplines maintained by Oxford, Stanford, and Yale Universities; also features a small collection of Learning Guides in academic disciplines
    4. The Best Information on the Net (BIOTN) - collection of academic resources maintained at St. Ambrose University in Iowa
    5. The Internet Public Library - large, selective collection from the University of Michigan
    6. BUBL Link - UK funded project of selective resources from the University of Strathclyde Library in Glasgow, Scotland
    7. Librarians' Index to the Internet - carefully chosen, organized, and annotated directory maintained by a large group of librarians in California
    8. Resource Discovery Network - searchable interface to major meta-sites in academic disciplines
    9. The Scout Report Archives - searchable database of 10,000+ critical summaries of Internet resources for the academic and research community
    10. Subject Guides A to Z - extensive collection of subject pages from the University of Delaware Library
    11.

    - It provides free and easy access to government information of Taiwan.

     

  2. Discuss the following questions with your group members.

  1. Please list THREE search engines your group members use more frequently. Compare the three search engines and choose your favorite one and explain why this one is the best. 

  2. What difference does it make when you enter keywords or phrases in quotes (e.g., "computer assisted language learning") in your web search?

  3. If you put the word "OR" between words/phrases in your web search, what does it mean?

  4. You can also use these signs " + ", " - ", and " ~ " in your web search. What function does each sign have? Please give examples. (Be sure to include a space before a sign, but no space after a sign. e.g., movie -video)

  5. There are different domain types in websites' URLs. What do these domain types mean?

.com      .edu        .gov       .org        .net       .mil

  1. If you want to find images or sound files on the Web, what should you do?

  2. In addition to providing easy access to billions of web pages, many search engines also provide a number of special features to help people find what they want more efficiently. Please find what special features those search engines have and choose THREE features that you like the most each engine offers.

  3. What web search problems have you encountered before? Please share some with your group members and see if you can find solutions now. Each group needs to report at least two common problems and your solutions (if you have found them).

  4. Do the Exercise 3.2 Finding Materials on the Web

 

3.2.2   Online Dictionaries

  1. Please go to my webpage Online Dictionaries. Pay particular attention to the following websites and find how they differ from other dictionary sites. List special features that each of these five sites has.

  2. Did you notice that when you double-click any word on this page, you will get an instant definition of the word ?  Do you like this special feature? (Note: This feature is provided by TheFreeDictionary.com, check Option 1)

  3. Now try this function: type a word you don't know in the look-up box below and then you can get its definition and much more.  Do you like this feature?

    Online Reference
    Dictionary, Encyclopedia & more
    Word:
    by:
     
    http://www.answers.com/main/webmasters.jsp

    http://www.thefreedictionary.com/lookup.htm

    (check option 2)

     

(Note: If you are interested in adding an online lookup box to your webpage, check  the above webpages and then copy and paste the html codes that you want onto your web source page.)

  1. You can also add "Word of the Day" (or other free content including "Quote of the Day", "Article of the Day", "This day in history", and "Today's Birthday" provided by TheFreeDictionary.com) to your webpage (check option 3).

Word of the Day

Word of the Day is a free service of The Free Dictionary

  1. As a web surfer, you can download a free online dictionary to your computer and use it at any time to help you find the meaning of unfamiliar words on the web.

    For example, you can download

    - MSN Encarta Right-Click Dictionary

    - TheFreeDictionary right-click add-on Dictionary

    - CleverKeys for Windows (provides instant access to definitions at Dictionary.com, synonyms at Thesaurus.com)

    - 1-Click AnswersTM for Windows


3.2.3   Online Concordancers

  1.   Definition: 

  •  A concordance is an alphabetical listing/index of the words in a text, given together with the contexts in which they appear.

  •  A concordancer is a computer program that allows users to search a collection of authentic texts (i.e. a corpus) for multiple examples of selected words or phrases.

  •  A corpus is a collection of either written or spoken texts (The plural is corpora). In fact, the World Wide Web itself is a huge corpus that we can take advantage of to find sufficient occurrences of language elements.

  1. Uses of concordancers for language learning and teaching:

  •  Users can use a concordancer to find examples of authentic usage to demonstrate word collocations, word usage, or even the structure of a text.

  •  Teachers can generate exercises (e.g., cloze tests) based on authentic, interesting examples drawn from a variety of corpora rather than made-up traditional grammar examples.

  •  Students can work out rules of grammar or usage and lexical features for themselves by searching for key words in context. This helps them to raise their language awareness, particularly in word collocations.

  1. Explore the following online concordancers.

     

    •  VLC's Web Concordancer:  It is a simple online concordancer available at the Virtual Language Center of the Polytechnic University of Hong Kong. It contains various types of corpora in English, Chinese, French, and Japanese.

    •   Online KWIC Concordancer (*KWIC: Keyword-in-Context):  This concordancer allows users to search for occurrences of selected words from many business letter corpora (English only).   

    •  國立清華大學 CANDLE Project - TOTALrecall, VN Collocation (TANGO), and Collocation Checker:  It contains two English-and-Chinese bilingual corpora: 1) Sinorama 光華雜誌語料庫1990-2000 and 2) Records of Hong Kong Legislative Council (English and Chinese).

    *Note: When you get to their website, please click on [研究測試區] or [Beta Test]. You can try TANGO and Collocation Checker without login, but you need to register and then login in order to be able to use TOTALrecall.

    •  淡江大學 Collocation Explorer: This site allows users to search for occurrences of selected words in English.  

    •  Simple Search of BNC (British National Corpus): This site allows users to search for occurrences of selected words in the BNC, a very large corpus of modern British English designed to present as wide a range of modern English as possible (English only).

    •  WebCorp: This concordancer works right across the Web as its corpus, riding on the back of different search engines. It is slow but produces good, rich results. Operated and maintained by the Research and Development Unit for English Studies (RDUES) at the University of Liverpook, UK. (English only).

    •  Google: Using Google as a simple concordancer works quite well, e.g. to check for possible collocations (multilingual).

* Note:  For more information on using concordancers in language learning and teaching, please see ICT4LT Module 2.4.

 

 

3.3  Evaluating your Ability to Use Browsers

 

Please download the form (designed by ICT4LT) to evaluate your ability to use browsers. Then make sure you know how to do all the things listed on the form. If you don't know how to do certain things, please ask your group members or the instructor.

 

3.4   Evaluating Websites

 

The Internet is totally unregulated. There are huge amounts of good material, but there are also amounts of material of poor and dubious quality. There is no guarantee that the information of the websites you found through search engines is accurate. Therefore, it is important for you to determine whether the information in a website is worth trusting and using.

  1. Please read the following evaluation guidelines and compare their criteria.

- Look at the URL

- Scan the perimeter of the page (authorship, currency, credentials on the subject)

- Examine the quality of information (sources of information, completeness, authenticity, choice of links, viewpoints)

- Check what others say

- Find out why the site/page was created

- Purpose

- Source

- Content (accuracy, comprehensiveness, currency)

- Style and Functionality

- Authority (credentials, impact of domain on content, contact information)

- Accuracy (bias, verified content, appropriate date)

- Audience (relevancy, type of webpage, audience characteristics)

  1. Develop your own website evaluation criteria with your group members and explain why the criteria you choose are important.

  2. Choose a language learning website and evaluate it together with your group members. Then write your evaluation in the message board and give a brief oral report to the class.

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